About the Authors

Gabriel Birgand

gbirgand@gmail.com

Affiliation Infection control unit, Bichat-Claude Bernard Hospital, Paris, France

Didier Lepelletier

Affiliation Bacteriology and Hygiene Department, Nantes University Hospital, Nantes, France

Gabriel Baron

Affiliation Centre d’Épidémiologie Clinique, Hôpital Hôtel Dieu, Paris, France

Steve Barrett

Affiliation Medical microbiology and infection control, Southend University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Essex, United Kingdom

Ann-Christin Breier

Affiliation Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charité, University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany

Cagri Buke

Affiliation Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Ege University Medical Faculty, Bornova, Izmir, Turkey

Ljiljana Markovic-Denic

Affiliation Institute of Epidemiology School of Medicine, Belgrade, Serbia

Petra Gastmeier

Affiliation Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Charité, University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany

Jan Kluytmans

Affiliation Amphia Hospital Breda, Laboratory for Microbiology and Infection Control, Breda, the Netherlands

Outi Lyytikainen

Affiliation Department of Infectious Disease, Epidemiology, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland

Elizabeth Sheridan

Affiliation Department of Healthcare-Associated Infection and Antimicrobial Resistance, HPA Centre for Infections, Colindale, London, United Kingdom

Emese Szilagyi

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology, Office of the Chief Medical Officer, Gyali, Hungary

Evelina Tacconelli

Affiliation Department of Infectious Diseases, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy

Nicolas Troillet

Affiliation Division of Infectious Diseases, Central Institute of the Valais Hospitals, Sion, Switzerland

Philippe Ravaud

Affiliation Centre d’Épidémiologie Clinique, Hôpital Hôtel Dieu, Paris, France

Jean-Christophe Lucet

Affiliation Infection control unit, Bichat-Claude Bernard Hospital, Paris, France

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: G. Birgand DL G. Baron PR JCL. Performed the experiments: SP ACB CB LMD PG JK OL E. Sheridan E. Szilagyi ET NT. Analyzed the data: G. Birgand G. Baron. Wrote the paper: G. Birgand DL G. Baron PR JCL SB ACB CB LMD PG JK OL E. Szilagyi E. Sheridan ET NT.