About the Authors

Annika Steffen

annika.steffen@dife.de

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbrücke, Nuthetal, Germany

Thorkild I A. Sørensen

Affiliation Instiute of Preventive Medicine, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospitals – Part of Copenhagen University Hospital, The Capital Region, Denmark

Sven Knüppel

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbrücke, Nuthetal, Germany

Noemie Travier

Affiliation Unit of Nutrition, Environment and Cancer, Catalan Institute of Oncology, Barcelona, Spain

María-José Sánchez

Affiliations Andalusian School of Public Health, Granada, Spain, CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Barcelona, Spain

José María Huerta

Affiliations Department of Epidemiology, Murcia Regional Health Council, Murcia, Spain, CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Barcelona, Spain

J. Ramón Quirós

Affiliation Public Health Directorate, Asturias, Spain

Eva Ardanaz

Affiliations CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Barcelona, Spain, Navarre Public Health Institute, Pamplona, Spain

Miren Dorronsoro

Affiliation Basque Regional Health Department and Ciberesp – Biodonostia, San Sebastian, Spain

Birgit Teucher

Affiliation Division of Cancer Epidemiology, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Germany

Kuanrong Li

Affiliation Division of Cancer Epidemiology, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Germany

H. Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita

Affiliations National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands, Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Medical Centre, Utrecht, The Netherlands

Daphne van der A

Affiliation National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands

Amalia Mattiello

Affiliation Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Chirurgia, Frederico II University, Naples, Italy

Domenico Palli

Affiliation Molecular and Nutritional Epidemiology Unit, Cancer Research and Prevention Institute, Florence, Italy

Rosario Tumino

Affiliation Cancer Registry and Histopathology Unit, “Civile – M.P.Arezzo” Hospital, Ragusa, Italy

Vittorio Krogh

Affiliation Nutritional Epidemiology Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milan, Italy

Paolo Vineis

Affiliations HuGeF Foundation Torino, Italy, School of Public Health, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom

Antonia Trichopoulou

Affiliations Hellenic Health Foundation, Athens, Greece, WHO Collaborating Center for Food and Nutrition Policies, Department of Hygiene Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, University of Athens Medical School, Athens, Greece

Philippos Orfanos

Affiliations Hellenic Health Foundation, Athens, Greece, WHO Collaborating Center for Food and Nutrition Policies, Department of Hygiene Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, University of Athens Medical School, Athens, Greece

Dimitrios Trichopoulos

Affiliations Hellenic Health Foundation, Athens, Greece, Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Bureau of Epidemiologic Research, Academy of Athens, Athens, Greece

Bo Hedblad

Affiliation Department of Clinical Sciences in Malmö, Clinical Research Centre, Skane University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden

Peter Wallström

Affiliation Nutrition Epidemiology Research Group, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden

Kim Overvad

Affiliation Section of Epidemiology, Department of Public Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark

Jytte Halkjær

Affiliation Danish Cancer Society Research Center, Copenhagen, Denmark

Anne Tjønneland

Affiliation Danish Cancer Society Research Center, Copenhagen, Denmark

Guy Fagherazzi

Affiliations Inserm, Centre for Research in Epidemiology and Population Health, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France, Paris South University, Villejuif, France

Laureen Dartois

Affiliations Inserm, Centre for Research in Epidemiology and Population Health, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France, Paris South University, Villejuif, France

Francesca Crowe

Affiliation Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Kay-Tee Khaw

Affiliation Clinical Gerontology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Nick Wareham

Affiliation Medical Research Council (MRC) Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Lefkos Middleton

Affiliation School of Public Health, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom

Anne M. May

Affiliation Julius Centre for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands

Petra H. M. Peeters

Affiliations Julius Centre for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

Heiner Boeing

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbrücke, Nuthetal, Germany

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AS TIAS SK PHMP HB. Performed the experiments: AS. Analyzed the data: AS. Wrote the paper: AS. Gave critical constructive feedback to the draft of the manuscript on data analysis, interpretation of results, and writing of the manuscript: NT MJS JMH JRQ EA MD BT KL HBB DvdA AM DP RT VK PV A. Trichopoulou PO DT BH PW KO JH A. Tjønneland GF LD FC KTK NW LM AMM.