About the Authors

Camilla Rothe

Contributed equally to this work with: Camilla Rothe, Derek J. Sloan

Affiliation Department of Medicine, University of Malawi, College of Medicine, Blantyre, Malawi

Derek J. Sloan

Contributed equally to this work with: Camilla Rothe, Derek J. Sloan

Affiliations Department of Medicine, University of Malawi, College of Medicine, Blantyre, Malawi, Institute of Global Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom, Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital, Ministry of Health, Blantyre, Malawi

Patrick Goodson

Affiliation Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital, Ministry of Health, Blantyre, Malawi

Jean Chikafa

Affiliation Malawi Liverpool Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme, University of Malawi College of Medicine, Blantyre, Malawi

Mavuto Mukaka

Affiliations Department of Medicine, University of Malawi, College of Medicine, Blantyre, Malawi, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom, Malawi Liverpool Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme, University of Malawi College of Medicine, Blantyre, Malawi

Brigitte Denis

Affiliation Malawi Liverpool Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme, University of Malawi College of Medicine, Blantyre, Malawi

Tom Harrison

Affiliation Infection and Immunity Research Centre, St. George’s Medical School, University of London, London, United Kingdom

Joep J. van Oosterhout

Affiliation Department of Medicine, University of Malawi, College of Medicine, Blantyre, Malawi

Robert S. Heyderman

Affiliations Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom, Malawi Liverpool Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme, University of Malawi College of Medicine, Blantyre, Malawi

David G. Lalloo

Affiliation Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Theresa Allain

Affiliation Department of Medicine, University of Malawi, College of Medicine, Blantyre, Malawi

Nicholas A. Feasey

nfeasey@liverpool.ac.uk

Affiliations Department of Medicine, University of Malawi, College of Medicine, Blantyre, Malawi, Malawi Liverpool Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme, University of Malawi College of Medicine, Blantyre, Malawi, Department of Gastroenterology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: NF CR DJS RSH JvO TSH DGL TA. Performed the experiments: NF DJS CR PG JC BD. Analyzed the data: NF DJS MM CR. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: NF BD RSH. Wrote the paper: NF CR DJS. MLW Laboratory Manager: BD.