About the Authors

Mohideen S. Jawahar

shaheedjawahar@gmail.com

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis (formerly Tuberculosis Research Centre), Chennai, India

Vaithilingam V. Banurekha

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis (formerly Tuberculosis Research Centre), Chennai, India

Chinnampedu N. Paramasivan

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis (formerly Tuberculosis Research Centre), Chennai, India

Fathima Rahman

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis (formerly Tuberculosis Research Centre), Chennai, India

Rajeswari Ramachandran

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis (formerly Tuberculosis Research Centre), Chennai, India

Perumal Venkatesan

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis (formerly Tuberculosis Research Centre), Chennai, India

Rani Balasubramanian

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis (formerly Tuberculosis Research Centre), Chennai, India

Nagamiah Selvakumar

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis (formerly Tuberculosis Research Centre), Chennai, India

Chinnaiyan Ponnuraja

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis (formerly Tuberculosis Research Centre), Chennai, India

Allaudeen S. Iliayas

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis (formerly Tuberculosis Research Centre), Madurai, India

Navaneethapandian P. Gangadevi

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis (formerly Tuberculosis Research Centre), Madurai, India

Balambal Raman

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis (formerly Tuberculosis Research Centre), Chennai, India

Dhanaraj Baskaran

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis (formerly Tuberculosis Research Centre), Chennai, India

Santhanakrishnan R. Kumar

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis (formerly Tuberculosis Research Centre), Madurai, India

Marimuthu M. Kumar

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis (formerly Tuberculosis Research Centre), Madurai, India

Victor Mohan

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis (formerly Tuberculosis Research Centre), Madurai, India

Sudha Ganapathy

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis (formerly Tuberculosis Research Centre), Chennai, India

Vanaja Kumar

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis (formerly Tuberculosis Research Centre), Chennai, India

Geetha Shanmugam

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis (formerly Tuberculosis Research Centre), Chennai, India

Niruparani Charles

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis (formerly Tuberculosis Research Centre), Chennai, India

Murugesan R. Sakthivel

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis (formerly Tuberculosis Research Centre), Madurai, India

Kannivelu Jagannath

Affiliation Institute of Thoracic Medicine, Chennai, India

Chockalingam Chandrasekar

Affiliation Government Rajaji Hospital, Madurai, India

Ramavaram T. Parthasarathy

Affiliation Government Tiruvatteeswarar Hospital, Chennai, India

Paranji R. Narayanan

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis (formerly Tuberculosis Research Centre), Chennai, India

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MSJ VVB RR PRN. Analyzed the data: MSJ FR VVB PV CP VM. Wrote the paper: MSJ VVB PV CP. Provided sociological assessment: SG GS NC MRS. Physicians responsible for patient management: SMJ VVB RR BR ASI NPG RB DB SRK MMK. Provided laboratory support: CNP NS VK. Colloborating physicians: KJ CC RTP.