About the Authors

Siobhan F. Clarke

Affiliations Alimentary Pharmabiotic Centre, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland, Teagasc Food Research Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Cork, Ireland, Microbiology Department, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland

Eileen F. Murphy

Affiliations Alimentary Pharmabiotic Centre, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland, Alimentary Health Ltd., Cork, Ireland

Orla O’Sullivan

Affiliation Teagasc Food Research Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Cork, Ireland

R. Paul Ross

Affiliations Alimentary Pharmabiotic Centre, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland, Teagasc Food Research Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Cork, Ireland

Paul W. O’Toole

Affiliations Alimentary Pharmabiotic Centre, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland, Microbiology Department, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland

Fergus Shanahan

Affiliations Alimentary Pharmabiotic Centre, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland, Department of Medicine, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland

Paul D. Cotter

paul.cotter@teagasc.ie

Affiliations Alimentary Pharmabiotic Centre, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland, Teagasc Food Research Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Cork, Ireland

Competing Interests

This study was partly funded by Alimentary Health Ltd., the employer of Eileen F Murphy. There are no patents, products in development or marketed products to declare. This does not alter the authors' adherence to all the PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials, as detailed online in the guide for authors.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SFC PDC EFM FS OO PWO. Performed the experiments: SFC. Analyzed the data: SFC OO. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: OO. Wrote the paper: SFC PDC PWO FS OO EFM RPR.