About the Authors

Ahmed M. Abu El-Asrar

abuasrar@KSU.edu.sa

Affiliation Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Ghulam Mohammad

Affiliation Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Gert De Hertogh

Affiliation Laboratory of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry, University of Leuven, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium

Mohd Imtiaz Nawaz

Affiliation Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Kathleen Van Den Eynde

Affiliation Laboratory of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry, University of Leuven, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium

Mohammad Mairaj Siddiquei

Affiliation Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Sofie Struyf

Affiliation Rega Institute for Medical Research, Laboratory of Molecular Immunology and Laboratory of Immunobiology, University of Leuven, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium

Ghislain Opdenakker

Affiliation Rega Institute for Medical Research, Laboratory of Molecular Immunology and Laboratory of Immunobiology, University of Leuven, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium

Karel Geboes

Affiliation Laboratory of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry, University of Leuven, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AMA GM GDH GO KG SS. Performed the experiments: MIN KVDE MMS SS. Analyzed the data: AMA MIN KVDE MMS SS. Wrote the paper: AMA. Collected vitreous and epiretinal membrane specimens: AMA. Raised the funding: AMA SS. Critically reviewed and revised the manuscript: GM GDH GO KG SS.