About the Authors

Rama Saad

Affiliations Department of Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America, The Biotechnology Graduate Program, The American University in Cairo, Cairo, Egypt

Zheng Chen

Affiliations Department of Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America, Department of General Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China,

Shoumin Zhu

Affiliation Department of Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America

Peilin Jia

Affiliation Department of Biomedical Informatics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America

Zhongming Zhao

Affiliation Department of Biomedical Informatics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America

M. Kay Washington

Affiliation Department Pathology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America

Abbes Belkhiri

Affiliation Department of Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America

Wael El-Rifai

wael.el-rifai@vanderbilt.edu

Affiliations Department of Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America, Department of Cancer Biology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America, Department of Veterans Affairs, Tennessee Valley Healthcare System, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America

Competing Interests

Wael El-Rifai is an Academic Editor of PLOS ONE and declares no conflict. This does not alter the authors' adherence to all the PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: WER. Performed the experiments: RS ZC SZ. Analyzed the data: PJ ZZ. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MKW AB WER. Wrote the paper: RS AB WER.