About the Authors

Gopalan Narendran

Contributed equally to this work with: Gopalan Narendran, Bruno B. Andrade

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis, Chennai, India

Bruno B. Andrade

Contributed equally to this work with: Gopalan Narendran, Bruno B. Andrade

Affiliation National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Brian O. Porter

Affiliation National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Chockalingam Chandrasekhar

Affiliation Government Hospital of Thoracic Medicine, Tambaram, Chennai, India

Perumal Venkatesan

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis, Chennai, India

Pradeep A. Menon

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis, Chennai, India

Sudha Subramanian

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis, Chennai, India

Selvaraj Anbalagan

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis, Chennai, India

Kannabiran P. Bhavani

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis, Chennai, India

Sathiyavelu Sekar

Affiliation Government Rajiv Gandhi Hospital, Chennai, India

Chandrasekaran Padmapriyadarshini

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis, Chennai, India

Satagopan Kumar

Affiliation Government Hospital of Thoracic Medicine, Tambaram, Chennai, India

Narayanan Ravichandran

Affiliation Government Hospital of Thoracic Medicine, Tambaram, Chennai, India

Krishnaraj Raja

Affiliation Government Hospital of Thoracic Medicine, Tambaram, Chennai, India

Kesavamurthy Bhanu

Affiliation Government Rajiv Gandhi Hospital, Chennai, India

Ayyamperumal Mahilmaran

Affiliation Government Hospital of Thoracic Medicine, Tambaram, Chennai, India

Lakshmanan Sekar

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis, Chennai, India

Alan Sher

Affiliation National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Irini Sereti

These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Soumya Swaminathan

soumyas@trcchennai.in

These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis, Chennai, India

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: GN BBA BOP IS S. Swaminathan. Performed the experiments: GN BBA BOP CC S. Sekar SK NR PM KR KB CP KPB AM S. Subramanian SA. Analyzed the data: BBA GN PV LS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AS BBA. Wrote the paper: BBA GN AS IS S. Swaminathan.