About the Authors

Stephen J. Levas

levas.1@osu.edu

Affiliation The School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, United States of America

Andréa G. Grottoli

Affiliation The School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, United States of America

Adam Hughes

Affiliation Scottish Association for Marine Science, Oban, Scotland, United Kingdom

Christopher L. Osburn

Current address: Department of Marine, Earth, and Atmospheric Sciences, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, United States of America

Affiliation Chemistry Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington DC, United States of America

Yohei Matsui

Affiliation The School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SJL AGG AH CLO YM. Performed the experiments: SJL AGG AH CLO YM. Analyzed the data: SJL AGG AH CLO YM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SJL AGG AH CLO YM. Wrote the paper: SJL AGG AH CLO YM.