About the Authors

Jie Tang

Affiliations Department of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America, Department of Ophthalmology, Heilongjiang Province Hospital, Heilongjiang Province, Harbin, China

Yunpeng Du

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America

J. Mark Petrash

Affiliation Department of Ophthalmology, University of Colorado, Denver, Colorado, United States of America

Nader Sheibani

Affiliation Department of Ophthalmology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

Timothy S. Kern

tsk@case.edu

Affiliations Department of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America, Cleveland VAMC Research Service 151, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: TSK. Performed the experiments: JT YD JMP. Analyzed the data: JT YD TSK. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JMP NS. Wrote the paper: TSK JMP.