About the Authors

Morgan Gaia

Affiliation URMITE, UM63, CNRS 7278, IRD 198, Inserm 1095, Aix Marseille Universite, Marseille, France

Isabelle Pagnier

Affiliation URMITE, UM63, CNRS 7278, IRD 198, Inserm 1095, Aix Marseille Universite, Marseille, France

Angélique Campocasso

Affiliation URMITE, UM63, CNRS 7278, IRD 198, Inserm 1095, Aix Marseille Universite, Marseille, France

Ghislain Fournous

Affiliation URMITE, UM63, CNRS 7278, IRD 198, Inserm 1095, Aix Marseille Universite, Marseille, France

Didier Raoult

Affiliation URMITE, UM63, CNRS 7278, IRD 198, Inserm 1095, Aix Marseille Universite, Marseille, France

Bernard La Scola

bernard.la-scola@univ-amu.fr

Affiliation URMITE, UM63, CNRS 7278, IRD 198, Inserm 1095, Aix Marseille Universite, Marseille, France

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: BL. Performed the experiments: MG AC. Analyzed the data: MG GF DR BL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MG AC. Wrote the paper: MG IP BL.