About the Authors

Francisco B. Ortega

ortegaf@ugr.es

Affiliations “PROmoting FITness and Health through physical activity” research group, Department of Physical Education and Sports, School of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain, Department of Biosciences and Nutrition at NOVUM, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden

Kenn Konstabel

Contributed equally to this work with: Kenn Konstabel, Elena Pasquali, Jonatan R. Ruiz

Affiliations Department of Chronic Diseases, Centre of Behavioural and Health Sciences, National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia, Department of Psychology, Estonian Centre of Behavioural and Health Sciences, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia

Elena Pasquali

Contributed equally to this work with: Kenn Konstabel, Elena Pasquali, Jonatan R. Ruiz

Affiliation Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, European Institute of Oncology, Milan, Italy

Jonatan R. Ruiz

Contributed equally to this work with: Kenn Konstabel, Elena Pasquali, Jonatan R. Ruiz

Affiliations “PROmoting FITness and Health through physical activity” research group, Department of Physical Education and Sports, School of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain, Department of Biosciences and Nutrition at NOVUM, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden

Anita Hurtig-Wennlöf

Affiliation School of Health and Medical Sciences/Clinical Medicine, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden

Jarek Mäestu

Affiliation Department of Coaching Sciences, Faculty of Exercise and Sport Sciences, Centre of Behavioral and Health Sciences, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia

Marie Löf

Affiliation Department of Biosciences and Nutrition at NOVUM, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden

Jaanus Harro

Affiliation Department of Psychology, Estonian Centre of Behavioural and Health Sciences, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia

Rino Bellocco

Affiliations Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden, Department of Statistics and Quantitative Methods, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milan, Italy

Idoia Labayen

Affiliation Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of the Basque Country, Universidad del País Vasco/European Humanities University, Vitoria, Spain

Toomas Veidebaum

Affiliation National Institute for Health Development, Centre of Behavioural and Health Sciences, Tallinn, Estonia

Michael Sjöström

Affiliation Department of Biosciences and Nutrition at NOVUM, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MS TV JH. Performed the experiments: FBO KK EP JRR AHW JM ML JH RB IL TV MS. Analyzed the data: EP RB FBO. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: FBO KK EP JRR AHW JM ML JH RB IL TV MS. Wrote the paper: FBO.