About the Authors

Ming-Hsien Chien

Affiliations Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan, Wan Fan Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan

Yu-Fan Liu

Affiliation Department of Biomedical Sciences, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan

Chung-Han Hsin

Affiliations School of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan, Department of Otolaryngology, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan

Chien-Huang Lin

Affiliation Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan

Chun-Han Shih

Affiliation Department of Trauma and Emergency Surgery, Wan Fan Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan

Shun-Fa Yang

Affiliations Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan, Department of Medical Research, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan

Chao-Wen Cheng

ccheng@tmu.edu.tw (C-WC); cwlin@csmu.edu.tw (C-WL)

Affiliation Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan

Chiao-Wen Lin

ccheng@tmu.edu.tw (C-WC); cwlin@csmu.edu.tw (C-WL)

Affiliations Institute of Oral Sciences, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan, Department of Dentistry, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MHC CWL. Performed the experiments: YFL SFY. Analyzed the data: CHL CHS CWC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SFY CHH. Wrote the paper: MHC CWL CWC.