About the Authors

Georgina E. Southon

Affiliation Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Ascot, Berkshire, United Kingdom

Christopher Field

Affiliation Division of Biology and Conservation Ecology, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, United Kingdom

Simon J. M. Caporn

Affiliation Division of Biology and Conservation Ecology, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, United Kingdom

Andrea J. Britton

Affiliation James Hutton Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen, United Kingdom

Sally A. Power

s.power@uws.edu.au

Affiliations Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Ascot, Berkshire, United Kingdom, Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment, University of Western Sydney, Penrith New South Wales, Australia

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SP SC AB. Performed the experiments: GS CF AB. Analyzed the data: GS SP. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: GS CF SP . Wrote the paper: GS SP CF SC AB.