About the Authors

Elaine Hatanaka

ehata@usp.br

Affiliations Institute of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, Cruzeiro do Sul University, São Paulo, Brazil, Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Alexandre Dermargos

Affiliations Instituto de Química, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil, Laboratório Especial de Ciclo Celular, Instituto Butantan, São Paulo, Brazil

Aparecida Emiko Hirata

Affiliation Departamento de Fisiologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Marco Aurélio Ramirez Vinolo

Affiliations Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil, Department of Genetics, Evolution and Bioagents, Institute of Biology, University of Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Angelo Rafael Carpinelli

Affiliation Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Philip Newsholme

Affiliations School of Biomolecular and Biomedical Science, Conway Institute, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland, School of Biomedical Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia

Hugo Aguirre Armelin

Affiliations Instituto de Química, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil, Laboratório Especial de Ciclo Celular, Instituto Butantan, São Paulo, Brazil

Rui Curi

Affiliation Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: EH AD HAA RC. Performed the experiments: EH AD AEH MARV. Analyzed the data: EH AD PN HAA RC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: ARC HAA RC. Wrote the paper: EH RC. Revised the article critically: EH AD HAA RC.