About the Authors

Hui-Ching Tseng

Contributed equally to this work with: Hui-Ching Tseng, I-Ta Lee

Affiliation Department of Physiology and Pharmacology and Health Aging Research Center, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Kwei-San, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan

I-Ta Lee

Contributed equally to this work with: Hui-Ching Tseng, I-Ta Lee

Affiliations Department of Physiology and Pharmacology and Health Aging Research Center, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Kwei-San, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan, Department of Anesthetics, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou and College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Kwei-San, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan

Chih-Chung Lin

Affiliation Department of Anesthetics, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou and College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Kwei-San, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan

Pei-Ling Chi

Affiliation Department of Physiology and Pharmacology and Health Aging Research Center, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Kwei-San, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan

Shin-Ei Cheng

Affiliation Department of Physiology and Pharmacology and Health Aging Research Center, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Kwei-San, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan

Ruey-Horng Shih

Affiliation Department of Physiology and Pharmacology and Health Aging Research Center, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Kwei-San, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan

Li-Der Hsiao

Affiliation Department of Physiology and Pharmacology and Health Aging Research Center, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Kwei-San, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan

Chuen-Mao Yang

chuenmao@mail.cgu.edu.tw

Affiliation Department of Physiology and Pharmacology and Health Aging Research Center, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Kwei-San, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: HCT ITL CMY. Performed the experiments: HCT PLC SEC LDH. Analyzed the data: HCT ITL LDH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: CCL PLC SEC RHS LDH. Wrote the paper: HCT ITL CMY.