About the Authors

Elie A. Akl

ea32@aub.edu.lb

Affiliations Department of Internal Medicine, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon, Department of Medicine, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, United States of America, Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Bradley C. Johnston

Affiliations Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, Department of Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Child Health Evaluative Sciences, SickKids Research Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Pablo Alonso-Coello

Affiliation Iberoamerican Cochrane Centre, CIBERESP-IIB Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain

Ignacio Neumann

Affiliation Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Shanil Ebrahim

Affiliation Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Matthias Briel

Affiliations Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, Basel Institute for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland

Deborah J. Cook

Affiliations Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Gordon H. Guyatt

Affiliations Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: EAA PAC GHG. Performed the experiments: BCJ IN. Analyzed the data: EAA PAC BCJ IN SE MB DJC GHG. Wrote the paper: EAA.