About the Authors

Usama Ijaz Bajwa

usama@ciit.net.pk

Affiliations Department of Computer Science, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Abbottabad, Pakistan, Vision and Pattern Recognition Systems Research Group, Muhammad Ali Jinnah University, Islamabad, Pakistan, Center for Advanced Studies in Engineering (CASE), Islamabad, Pakistan

Imtiaz Ahmad Taj

Affiliation Vision and Pattern Recognition Systems Research Group, Muhammad Ali Jinnah University, Islamabad, Pakistan

Muhammad Waqas Anwar

Affiliation Department of Computer Science, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Abbottabad, Pakistan

Xuan Wang

Affiliation Department of Computer Science & Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Shenzen Graduate School, Shenzen, China

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Reviewed the manuscript: IAT MWA XW. Conceived and designed the experiments: UIB. Performed the experiments: UIB. Analyzed the data: UIB IAT. Wrote the paper: UIB IAT MWA XW.