About the Authors

Danielle N. Poole

danielle.n.poole@gmail.com

Affiliation Public Health Program, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America

J. Kathleen Tracy

Affiliation Departments of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Lauren Levitz

Affiliation GAIA Vaccine Foundation, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America and Bamako, Mali

Mali Rochas

Affiliation GAIA Vaccine Foundation, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America and Bamako, Mali

Kotou Sangare

Affiliation University of Bamako, Bamako, Mali

Shahla Yekta

Affiliation University of Rhode Island, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America

Karamoko Tounkara

Affiliation GAIA Vaccine Foundation, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America and Bamako, Mali

Ben Aboubacar

Affiliation GAIA Vaccine Foundation, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America and Bamako, Mali

Ousmane Koita

Affiliation University of Bamako, Bamako, Mali

Mark Lurie

Affiliation Public Health Program, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America

Anne S. De Groot

Affiliations GAIA Vaccine Foundation, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America and Bamako, Mali, University of Rhode Island, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America

Competing Interests

Merck Sharp and Dohme are the makers of Gardasil, an HPV vaccine that was used in this study. There are no further patents, products in development or marketed products to declare. This does not alter the authors’ adherence to all the PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials, as detailed online in the guide for authors.

Author Contributions

Critical revisions and guidance: ML LL JKT ADG. Conceived and designed the experiments: DNP JKT MR SY KT BA OK ADG. Performed the experiments: DNP KS KT. Analyzed the data: DNP. Wrote the paper: DNP.