About the Authors

Daibin Zhong

Affiliation Program in Public Health, College of Health Sciences, University of California Irvine, Irvine, California, United States of America

Xuelian Chang

Affiliations Program in Public Health, College of Health Sciences, University of California Irvine, Irvine, California, United States of America, Department of Pathogen Biology, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China, Department of Pathogen Biology, Bengbu Medical College, Anhui, China

Guofa Zhou

Affiliation Program in Public Health, College of Health Sciences, University of California Irvine, Irvine, California, United States of America

Zhengbo He

Affiliation Institute of Entomology and Molecular Biology, College of Life Sciences, Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing, People's Republic of China

Fengyang Fu

Affiliation Institute of Entomology and Molecular Biology, College of Life Sciences, Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing, People's Republic of China

Zhentian Yan

Affiliation Institute of Entomology and Molecular Biology, College of Life Sciences, Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing, People's Republic of China

Guoding Zhu

Affiliations Program in Public Health, College of Health Sciences, University of California Irvine, Irvine, California, United States of America, Division of Malaria Control, Jiangsu Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Wuxi, China

Tielong Xu

Affiliation National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, People's Republic of China

Mariangela Bonizzoni

Affiliation Program in Public Health, College of Health Sciences, University of California Irvine, Irvine, California, United States of America

Mei-Hui Wang

Affiliation Program in Public Health, College of Health Sciences, University of California Irvine, Irvine, California, United States of America

Liwang Cui

Affiliation Department of Entomology, the Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Bin Zheng

chuner1997@yahoo.com (BZ); c_bin@hotmail.com (BC); guiyuny@uci.edu (GY)

Affiliation National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, People's Republic of China

Bin Chen

chuner1997@yahoo.com (BZ); c_bin@hotmail.com (BC); guiyuny@uci.edu (GY)

Affiliation Institute of Entomology and Molecular Biology, College of Life Sciences, Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing, People's Republic of China

Guiyun Yan

chuner1997@yahoo.com (BZ); c_bin@hotmail.com (BC); guiyuny@uci.edu (GY)

Affiliation Program in Public Health, College of Health Sciences, University of California Irvine, Irvine, California, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DZ BC BZ LC GY. Performed the experiments: DZ BC XC ZH FF ZY G. Zhu TX. Analyzed the data: DZ G. Zhou GY. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: BC BZ G. Zhou. Wrote the paper: DZ BC G. Zhu MB MW GY.