About the Authors

Anwar M. Hashem

Affiliations Centre for Vaccine Evaluation, Biologics and Genetic Therapies Directorate, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Department of Biochemistry, Microbiology and Immunology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Caroline Gravel

Affiliation Centre for Vaccine Evaluation, Biologics and Genetic Therapies Directorate, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Aaron Farnsworth

Affiliation Centre for Vaccine Evaluation, Biologics and Genetic Therapies Directorate, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Wei Zou

Affiliation National Research Council Canada, Institute for Biological Sciences, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Michelle Lemieux

Affiliation Centre for Vaccine Evaluation, Biologics and Genetic Therapies Directorate, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Kangwei Xu

Affiliation National Institutes for Food and Drug Control, Beijing, People’s Republic of China

Changgui Li

Affiliation National Institutes for Food and Drug Control, Beijing, People’s Republic of China

Junzhi Wang

Affiliation National Institutes for Food and Drug Control, Beijing, People’s Republic of China

Marie-France Goneau

Affiliation National Research Council Canada, Institute for Biological Sciences, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Maria Merziotis

Affiliation National Research Council Canada, Institute for Biological Sciences, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Runtao He

Affiliation National Microbiology Laboratory, Public Health Agency of Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

Michel Gilbert

michel.gilbert@nrc-cnrc.gc.ca (MG); sean.li@hc-sc.gc.ca (XL)

Affiliation National Research Council Canada, Institute for Biological Sciences, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Xuguang Li

michel.gilbert@nrc-cnrc.gc.ca (MG); sean.li@hc-sc.gc.ca (XL)

Affiliations Centre for Vaccine Evaluation, Biologics and Genetic Therapies Directorate, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, Department of Biochemistry, Microbiology and Immunology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AH CG AF WZ CL JW RH MG XL. Performed the experiments: AH CG AF WZ ML CL MFG MM MG XL KX. Analyzed the data: AH CG AF WZ ML CL JW MFG MM RH MG KX. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AF WZ CL JW RH MG XL. Wrote the paper: AH CG AF WZ CL JW RH MG XL.