About the Authors

Hifzur Rahman Siddique

Affiliation Molecular Chemoprevention and Therapeutics, The Hormel Institute, University of Minnesota, Austin, Minnesota, United States of America

Aijaz Parray

Affiliation Molecular Chemoprevention and Therapeutics, The Hormel Institute, University of Minnesota, Austin, Minnesota, United States of America

Weixiong Zhong

Affiliation School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

R. Jeffery Karnes

Affiliation Department of Urology, Mayo Medical School and Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, United States of America

Eric J. Bergstralh

Affiliation Division of Biomedical Statistics and Informatics, Mayo Medical School and Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, United States of America

Shahriar Koochekpour

Affiliation Center for Genetics and Pharmacology, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York, United States of America

Johng S. Rhim

Affiliation Department of Surgery, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Badrinath R. Konety

Affiliation Department of Urology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America

Mohammad Saleem

msbhat@umn.edu

Affiliations Molecular Chemoprevention and Therapeutics, The Hormel Institute, University of Minnesota, Austin, Minnesota, United States of America, Department of Urology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America, Department of Laboratory Medicine Pathology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MS. Performed the experiments: HRS AP WZ EJB. Analyzed the data: HRS RJK BRK EJB MS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MS SK JSR. Wrote the paper: HRS.