About the Authors

Wei Hu

Affiliations State Key Laboratory of Microbial Technology, School of Life Science, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China, School of Dentistry and Molecular Biology Institute, UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Lina Li

Affiliation School of Dentistry and Molecular Biology Institute, UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Shivani Sharma

Affiliation Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry and California NanoSystems Institute (CNSI), UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Jing Wang

Affiliations State Key Laboratory of Microbial Technology, School of Life Science, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China, School of Dentistry and Molecular Biology Institute, UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Ian McHardy

Affiliation School of Dentistry and Molecular Biology Institute, UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Renate Lux

Affiliation School of Dentistry and Molecular Biology Institute, UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Zhe Yang

Affiliation School of Dentistry and Molecular Biology Institute, UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Xuesong He

Affiliation School of Dentistry and Molecular Biology Institute, UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

James K. Gimzewski

Affiliations Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry and California NanoSystems Institute (CNSI), UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States of America, International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics Satellite (MANA), National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Tsukuba, Japan

Yuezhong Li

Affiliation State Key Laboratory of Microbial Technology, School of Life Science, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China

Wenyuan Shi

wenyuan@ucla.edu

Affiliation School of Dentistry and Molecular Biology Institute, UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: WH RL WS. Performed the experiments: WH LL SS JW. Analyzed the data: WH SS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: IM ZY XH JKG YL. Wrote the paper: WH RL WS.