About the Authors

Jonathan M. Behrendt

Current address: School of Chemistry, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom

Affiliation Chemical Engineering & Applied Chemistry, School of Engineering & Applied Science, Aston University, Birmingham, United Kingdom

David Nagel

Affiliation School of Life & Health Sciences, Aston University, Birmingham, United Kingdom

Evita Chundoo

Affiliation Chemical Engineering & Applied Chemistry, School of Engineering & Applied Science, Aston University, Birmingham, United Kingdom

Lois M. Alexander

Affiliation School of Chemistry, Edinburgh University, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Damien Dupin

Current address: New Materials Department, Fundacion CIDETEC, Parque Tecnologico de San Sebastian, Donostia-San Sebastian, Spain

Affiliation Department of Chemistry, Dainton Building, the University of Sheffield, Brook Hill, Sheffield, United Kingdom

Anna V. Hine

Affiliation School of Life & Health Sciences, Aston University, Birmingham, United Kingdom

Mark Bradley

Affiliation School of Chemistry, Edinburgh University, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Andrew J. Sutherland

a.j.sutherland@aston.ac.uk

Affiliation Chemical Engineering & Applied Chemistry, School of Engineering & Applied Science, Aston University, Birmingham, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AJS AVH MB. Performed the experiments: JMB DAN EC LMA DD. Analyzed the data: AJS AVH JMB DAN. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MB AVH AJS DD. Wrote the paper: JMB DAN AVH AJS.