About the Authors

Yong Wang

Contributed equally to this work with: Yong Wang, He Wang, Wei Zhang

Affiliation Department of Urology, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China

He Wang

Contributed equally to this work with: Yong Wang, He Wang, Wei Zhang

Affiliation Department of Urology, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China

Wei Zhang

Contributed equally to this work with: Yong Wang, He Wang, Wei Zhang

Affiliation Department of Urology, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China

Chen Shao

Affiliation Department of Urology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China

Peng Xu

Affiliation Department of Medical and Training Department, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China

Chang Hong Shi

Affiliation Department of Experimental Animal, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China

Jian Guo Shi

Affiliation Department of Cancer Research Institute, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China

Yu Mei Li

Affiliation Department of Urology, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China

Qiang Fu

Affiliation Department of Urology, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China

Wei Xue

Affiliation Department of Urology, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China

Yong Hua Lei

Affiliation Department of Urology, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China

Jing Yu Gao

Affiliation Department of Urology, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China

Juan Ying Wang

Affiliation Department of Urology, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China

Xiao Ping Gao

Affiliation Department of Urology, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China

Jin Qing Li

lijinqing@yahoo.cn (JQL); jianliny@fmmu.edu.cn (JLY); jiangru@fmmu.edu.cn (YTZ)

Affiliation Department of Plastic Surgery, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China

Jian Lin Yuan

lijinqing@yahoo.cn (JQL); jianliny@fmmu.edu.cn (JLY); jiangru@fmmu.edu.cn (YTZ)

Affiliation Department of Urology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China

Yun Tao Zhang

lijinqing@yahoo.cn (JQL); jianliny@fmmu.edu.cn (JLY); jiangru@fmmu.edu.cn (YTZ)

Affiliation Department of Urology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Provided the experimental lab and some funding: HW JLY YTZ. Conceived and designed the experiments: YW JQL. Performed the experiments: CS PX CHS JGS YML QF WX YHL JYW XPG. Analyzed the data: WZ. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JYG.