About the Authors

Christoph Lahtz

Affiliation Department of Cancer Biology, Beckman Research Institute, City of Hope, Duarte, California, United States of America

Steven E. Bates

Affiliation Department of Cancer Biology, Beckman Research Institute, City of Hope, Duarte, California, United States of America

Yong Jiang

Affiliation Department of Cancer Biology, Beckman Research Institute, City of Hope, Duarte, California, United States of America

Arthur X. Li

Affiliation Department of Information Sciences, City of Hope, Duarte, California, United States of America

Xiwei Wu

Affiliation Department of Molecular Medicine, City of Hope, Duarte, California, United States of America

Maria A. Hahn

Affiliation Department of Cancer Biology, Beckman Research Institute, City of Hope, Duarte, California, United States of America

Gerd P. Pfeifer

gpfeifer@coh.org

Affiliation Department of Cancer Biology, Beckman Research Institute, City of Hope, Duarte, California, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: GPP. Performed the experiments: CL SEB YJ MAH. Analyzed the data: CL AXL XW GPP. Wrote the paper: CL GPP.