About the Authors

Wei Ye

Contributed equally to this work with: Wei Ye, Fang Qin

Affiliation State Key Laboratory of Microbial metabolism, Department of Bioinformatics and Biostatistics, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China

Fang Qin

Contributed equally to this work with: Wei Ye, Fang Qin

Affiliation State Key Laboratory of Microbial metabolism, Department of Bioinformatics and Biostatistics, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China

Jian Zhang

jian.zhang@sjtu.edu.cn (JZ); rluo@uci.edu (RL); haifengchen@sjtu.edu.cn (HFC)

Affiliation Department of Pathophysiology, Key Laboratory of Cell Differentiation and Apoptosis of Chinese Ministry of Education, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China

Ray Luo

jian.zhang@sjtu.edu.cn (JZ); rluo@uci.edu (RL); haifengchen@sjtu.edu.cn (HFC)

Affiliation Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, University of California Irvine, Irvine, California, United States of America

Hai-Feng Chen

jian.zhang@sjtu.edu.cn (JZ); rluo@uci.edu (RL); haifengchen@sjtu.edu.cn (HFC)

Affiliations State Key Laboratory of Microbial metabolism, Department of Bioinformatics and Biostatistics, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China, Department of Computational Biology, Shanghai Center for Bioinformation Technology, Shanghai, China

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: HFC. Performed the experiments: WY FQ. Analyzed the data: WY FQ. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: WY FQ. Wrote the paper: HFC RL JZ.