About the Authors

Francis Gakuya

Affiliation Department of Veterinary and Capture Services, Kenya Wildlife Service, Nairobi, Kenya

Jackson Ombui

Affiliation Department of Public Health, Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya

Jorg Heukelbach

Affiliation Department of Community Health, School of Medicine, Federal University of Ceará, Ceará, Brazil

Ndichu Maingi

Affiliation Department of Pathology and Microbiology, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya

Gerald Muchemi

Affiliation Department of Public Health, Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya

William Ogara

Affiliation Department of Public Health, Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya

Domnic Mijele

Affiliation Department of Veterinary and Capture Services, Kenya Wildlife Service, Nairobi, Kenya

Samer Alasaad

sameralasaad@hotmail.com

Affiliations Estación Biológica de Doñana, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Sevilla, Spain, Institute of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies (IEU), University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: FG JO JH SA. Performed the experiments: NM GM WO DM. Analyzed the data: FG JO JH SA NM GM WO DM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: FG JO JH SA NM GM WO DM. Wrote the paper: FG JO JH SA NM GM WO DM.