About the Authors

Klaus Birkhofer

Klaus.Birkhofer@biol.lu.se

Affiliation Department of Biology, Biodiversity and Conservation Science, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

Ingo Schöning

Affiliations Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Jena, Germany, Institute of Ecology, FSU Jena, Jena, Germany

Fabian Alt

Affiliation Geoecology, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany

Nadine Herold

Affiliation Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Jena, Germany

Bernhard Klarner

Affiliation Department Animal Ecology, J.F. Blumenbach Institute of Zoology and Anthropology, Georg August University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany

Mark Maraun

Affiliation Department Animal Ecology, J.F. Blumenbach Institute of Zoology and Anthropology, Georg August University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany

Sven Marhan

Affiliation Soil Biology Section, Institute of Soil Science and Land Evaluation, University of Hohenheim, Hohenheim, Germany

Yvonne Oelmann

Affiliation Geoecology, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany

Tesfaye Wubet

Affiliation Department Soil Ecology, UFZ - Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Halle, Germany

Andrey Yurkov

Current address: Department of Life Sciences, Centre for Microbial Resources (CREM), Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Caparica, Lisboa, Portugal

Affiliation Geobotany, Ruhr-University Bochum, Bochum, Germany

Dominik Begerow

Affiliation Geobotany, Ruhr-University Bochum, Bochum, Germany

Doreen Berner

Affiliation Soil Biology Section, Institute of Soil Science and Land Evaluation, University of Hohenheim, Hohenheim, Germany

François Buscot

Affiliations Department Soil Ecology, UFZ - Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Halle, Germany, Chair of Soil Ecology, Institute of Biology, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany

Rolf Daniel

Affiliation Institute of Microbiology and Genetic, Georg August University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany

Tim Diekötter

Affiliation Department Animal Ecology, Justus Liebig University Gießen, Gießen, Germany

Roswitha B. Ehnes

Affiliation Department Animal Ecology, J.F. Blumenbach Institute of Zoology and Anthropology, Georg August University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany

Georgia Erdmann

Affiliation Department Animal Ecology, J.F. Blumenbach Institute of Zoology and Anthropology, Georg August University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany

Christiane Fischer

Affiliation Department of Biodiversity Research/Systematic Botany, Institute for Biochemistry & Biology, University of Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany

Bärbel Foesel

Affiliation Leibniz-Institute DSMZ - German Collection of Microorganism and Cell Cultures, Braunschweig, Germany

Janine Groh

Affiliation Department of Biology, Biodiversity and Conservation Science, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

Jessica Gutknecht

Affiliation Department Soil Ecology, UFZ - Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Halle, Germany

Ellen Kandeler

Affiliation Soil Biology Section, Institute of Soil Science and Land Evaluation, University of Hohenheim, Hohenheim, Germany

Christa Lang

Current address: Department of Communication and Environment, Rhine-Waal University of Applied Sciences, Kleve, Germany

Affiliation Department Forest Botany and Tree Physiology, Büsgen Institute, Georg August University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany

Gertrud Lohaus

Current address: Molecular Plant Research/Plant Biochemistry, Bergische University of Wuppertal, Wuppertal, Germany

Affiliation Department Forest Botany and Tree Physiology, Büsgen Institute, Georg August University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany

Annabel Meyer

Affiliation Chair for Soil Ecology, Technische Universität München, München, Germany

Heiko Nacke

Affiliation Institute of Microbiology and Genetic, Georg August University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany

Astrid Näther

Affiliation Department of Microbial Ecophysiology, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany

Jörg Overmann

Affiliation Leibniz-Institute DSMZ - German Collection of Microorganism and Cell Cultures, Braunschweig, Germany

Andrea Polle

Affiliation Department Forest Botany and Tree Physiology, Büsgen Institute, Georg August University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany

Melanie M. Pollierer

Affiliation Department Animal Ecology, J.F. Blumenbach Institute of Zoology and Anthropology, Georg August University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany

Stefan Scheu

Affiliation Department Animal Ecology, J.F. Blumenbach Institute of Zoology and Anthropology, Georg August University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany

Michael Schloter

Affiliation Research Unit for Environmental Genomics, Helmholtz Zentrum München, München, Germany

Ernst-Detlef Schulze

Affiliation Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Jena, Germany

Waltraud Schulze

Affiliation Max-Planck-Institute for Molecular Plant Physiology, Jena, Germany

Jan Weinert

Affiliation Department Terrestrial Ecology, University of Cologne, Zoological Institute, Cologne, Germany

Wolfgang W. Weisser

Current address: Department of Ecology and Ecosystem Management, Chair for Terrestrial Ecology, Technische Universität München, Freising-Weihenstephan, Germany

Affiliation Institute of Ecology, FSU Jena, Jena, Germany

Volkmar Wolters

Affiliation Department Animal Ecology, Justus Liebig University Gießen, Gießen, Germany

Marion Schrumpf

Affiliation Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Jena, Germany

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AY D. Begerow TW BF WW NH FA KB JO TD YO ES M. Schrumpf EK FB AP VW KB IS. Performed the experiments: GL CL MS AM AY J. Gutknecht TW BF BK KB JW TD YO HN CF M. Schrumpf M. Schloter J. Groh WS AN RE FA GE SS IS D. Berner. Analyzed the data: KB TW SM NH IS BK MS. Wrote the manuscript: KB YO J. Gutknecht M. Schrumpf FB MM VW AY D. Begerow TW BF SM.