About the Authors

Ashok K. Shetty

Contributed equally to this work with: Ashok K. Shetty, Bharathi Hattiangady, Muddanna S. Rao

Shetty@medicine.tamhsc.edu

Affiliations Research Service, Veterans Affairs Medical Centers of Durham, North Carolina, and Temple, Texas, United States of America, Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine at Scott & White, Temple, Texas, United States of America, Department of Molecular and Cellular Medicine, Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine, College Station, Texas, United States of America, Department of Surgery (Neurosurgery), Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

Bharathi Hattiangady

Contributed equally to this work with: Ashok K. Shetty, Bharathi Hattiangady, Muddanna S. Rao

Affiliations Research Service, Veterans Affairs Medical Centers of Durham, North Carolina, and Temple, Texas, United States of America, Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine at Scott & White, Temple, Texas, United States of America, Department of Molecular and Cellular Medicine, Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine, College Station, Texas, United States of America, Department of Surgery (Neurosurgery), Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

Muddanna S. Rao

Contributed equally to this work with: Ashok K. Shetty, Bharathi Hattiangady, Muddanna S. Rao

Affiliations Research Service, Veterans Affairs Medical Centers of Durham, North Carolina, and Temple, Texas, United States of America, Department of Surgery (Neurosurgery), Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

Bing Shuai

Affiliations Research Service, Veterans Affairs Medical Centers of Durham, North Carolina, and Temple, Texas, United States of America, Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine at Scott & White, Temple, Texas, United States of America, Department of Molecular and Cellular Medicine, Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine, College Station, Texas, United States of America, Department of Surgery (Neurosurgery), Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AKS. Performed the experiments: MSR BH BS. Analyzed the data: AKS BH MSR. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: BS MSR BH. Wrote the paper: AKS.