About the Authors

Woottichai Khamduang

goudeau@med.univ-tours.fr (AG); kwoottichai@gmail.com (WK)

Affiliations Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand, INSERM U966, CHRU Tours, Faculté de Médecine, Université François-Rabelais, Tours, France, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD) UMI 174-Programs for HIV Prevention and Treatment (PHPT), Chiang Mai, Thailand

Catherine Gaudy-Graffin

Affiliation INSERM U966, CHRU Tours, Faculté de Médecine, Université François-Rabelais, Tours, France

Nicole Ngo-Giang-Huong

Affiliations Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD) UMI 174-Programs for HIV Prevention and Treatment (PHPT), Chiang Mai, Thailand, Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Gonzague Jourdain

Affiliations Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD) UMI 174-Programs for HIV Prevention and Treatment (PHPT), Chiang Mai, Thailand, Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Alain Moreau

Affiliation INSERM U966, CHRU Tours, Faculté de Médecine, Université François-Rabelais, Tours, France

Nuananong Luekamlung

Affiliation Lamphun Hospital, Lamphun, Thailand

Guttiga Halue

Affiliation Phayao Hospital, Phayao, Thailand

Yuwadee Buranawanitchakorn

Affiliation Chiang Kham Hospital, Phayao, Thailand

Sura Kunkongkapan

Affiliation Mae Sai Hospital, Chiangrai, Thailand

Sudanee Buranabanjasatean

Affiliation Mae Chan Hospital, Chiangrai, Thailand

Marc Lallemant

Affiliations Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD) UMI 174-Programs for HIV Prevention and Treatment (PHPT), Chiang Mai, Thailand, Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Wasna Sirirungsi

Affiliation Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand

Alain Goudeau

goudeau@med.univ-tours.fr (AG); kwoottichai@gmail.com (WK)

Affiliation INSERM U966, CHRU Tours, Faculté de Médecine, Université François-Rabelais, Tours, France

for the Program for HIV Prevention and Treatment (PHPT) study group

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: WK CG NN WS AG. Performed the experiments: WK AM. Analyzed the data: WK CG NN WS AG. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: CG NN WS AG GJ ML. Wrote the paper: WK CG NN AG. Responsibility for patient recruitment and treatment: NL GH YB SK SB. Supervised the study: GJ ML.