About the Authors

Stephanie Polus

Affiliations Institute for Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology, University of Munich, Munich, Bavaria, Germany, UNDP/UNFPA/WHO/World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction (HRP), Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

Priya Lerberg

Affiliations UNDP/UNFPA/WHO/World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction (HRP), Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, Department of Community Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway

Joshua Vogel

Affiliations UNDP/UNFPA/WHO/World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction (HRP), Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, School of Population Health, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia

Kanokwaroon Watananirun

Affiliations UNDP/UNFPA/WHO/World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction (HRP), Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

Joao Paulo Souza

souzaj@who.int

Affiliation UNDP/UNFPA/WHO/World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction (HRP), Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

Matthews Mathai

Affiliation Department of Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

A. Metin Gülmezoglu

Affiliation UNDP/UNFPA/WHO/World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction (HRP), Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

Competing Interests

The opinions stated in this paper are those of the authors as individuals and do not necessarily represent the views of the World Health Organization or its member States. Some of the authors are WHO employees which constitutes a potential conflict of interest as this case study evaluates WHO processes and products. The WHO employees did not appraise themselves the guidelines.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SP JPS AMG. Performed the experiments: SP PL JV KW. Analyzed the data: SP. Wrote the paper: SP PL JV KW JPS MM AMG.