About the Authors

Lakshmimathy Subramanian

Affiliations Laboratory of Autoimmune Diabetes, Robarts Research Institute, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada

Hartley Blumenfeld

Affiliations Laboratory of Autoimmune Diabetes, Robarts Research Institute, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada

Robert Tohn

Affiliations Laboratory of Autoimmune Diabetes, Robarts Research Institute, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada

Dalam Ly

Affiliations Laboratory of Autoimmune Diabetes, Robarts Research Institute, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada, Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Carlos Aguilera

Affiliation Laboratory of Autoimmunity, Torrey Pines Institute for Molecular Studies, San Diego, California, United States of America

Igor Maricic

Affiliation Laboratory of Autoimmunity, Torrey Pines Institute for Molecular Studies, San Diego, California, United States of America

Jan-Eric Mansson

Affiliation Department of Neuroscience, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Mölndal, Sweden

Karsten Buschard

Affiliation Bartholin Institute, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark

Vipin Kumar

del@robarts.ca (TLD); vkumar@tpims.org (VK)

Affiliation Laboratory of Autoimmunity, Torrey Pines Institute for Molecular Studies, San Diego, California, United States of America

Terry L. Delovitch

del@robarts.ca (TLD); vkumar@tpims.org (VK)

Affiliations Laboratory of Autoimmune Diabetes, Robarts Research Institute, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: LS HB RT DL CA IM JEM KB VK TLD. Performed the experiments: LS HB RT DL CA IM. Analyzed the data: LS HB RT DL CA IM JEM KB VK TLD. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: VK JEM KB TLD. Wrote the paper: KB VK TLD.