About the Authors

Ching-Chih Lee

Affiliations Community Medicine Research Center and Institute of Public Health, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan, Department of Otolaryngology, Buddhist Dalin Tzu Chi General Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan, Cancer Center, Buddhist Dalin Tzu Chi General Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan, Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Buddhist Dalin Tzu Chi General Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan, School of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualian, Taiwan

Hsu-Chueh Ho

Affiliations Department of Otolaryngology, Buddhist Dalin Tzu Chi General Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan, School of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualian, Taiwan

Yu-Chieh Su

Affiliations Division of Hematology-Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Buddhist Dalin Tzu Chi General Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan, Cancer Center, Buddhist Dalin Tzu Chi General Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan, School of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualian, Taiwan

Brian C-H Chiu

Affiliation Department of Health Studies, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Yung-Cheng Su

Affiliations Department of Emergency Medicine, Buddhist Dalin Tzu Chi General Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan, School of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualian, Taiwan

Yi-Da Lee

Affiliation Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Buddhist Dalin Tzu Chi General Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan

Pesus Chou

Affiliation Community Medicine Research Center and Institute of Public Health, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan

Sou-Hsin Chien

Contributed equally to this work with: Sou-Hsin Chien, Yung-Sung Huang

enttcd@hotamil.com (YSH); enttcd2@hotamil.com (SHC)

Affiliations Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Buddhist Dalin Tzu Chi General Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan, School of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualian, Taiwan

Yung-Sung Huang

Contributed equally to this work with: Sou-Hsin Chien, Yung-Sung Huang

enttcd@hotamil.com (YSH); enttcd2@hotamil.com (SHC)

Affiliation Division of Neurology, Department of Internal Medicine, Buddhist Dalin Tzu Chi General Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CCL HCH YCS YDL BC SHC YSH . Analyzed the data: CCL PC YSH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: CCL. Wrote the paper: CCL BC SHC YSH. Critical revision of manuscript for important intellectual content: CCL YDL YCS SHC HCH.