About the Authors

Hon-Yi Shi

Affiliation Department of Healthcare Administration and Medical Informatics, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

King-Teh Lee

Affiliations Department of Healthcare Administration and Medical Informatics, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, Department of Surgery, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Hao-Hsien Lee

Affiliation Department of Surgery, Chi Mei Medical Center, Liouying, Taiwan

Wen-Hsien Ho

Affiliation Department of Healthcare Administration and Medical Informatics, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Ding-Ping Sun

Affiliation Department of Surgery, Chi Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan

Jhi-Joung Wang

Contributed equally to this work with: Jhi-Joung Wang, Chong-Chi Chiu

Affiliation Department of Medical Research, Chi Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan

Chong-Chi Chiu

Contributed equally to this work with: Jhi-Joung Wang, Chong-Chi Chiu

chiuchongchi@yahoo.com.tw

Affiliations Department of Surgery, Chi Mei Medical Center, Liouying, Taiwan, Department of Surgery, Chi Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan, Department of Surgery, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan, Department of Cosmetic Science, Chia Nan University of Pharmacy and Science, Tainan, Taiwan

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: HYS CCC. Performed the experiments: HYS KTL HHL WHH DPS JJW CCC. Analyzed the data: HYS CCC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: HYS KTL HHL WHH DPS JJW CCC. Wrote the paper: HYS KTL HHL WHH DPS JJW CCC.