About the Authors

Lora L. Sabin

lsabin@bu.edu

Affiliations Center for Global Health and Development, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of International Health, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Anna B. Knapp

Affiliation Center for Global Health and Development, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

William B. MacLeod

Affiliations Center for Global Health and Development, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of International Health, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Grace Phiri-Mazala

Affiliation Lufwanyama District Health Management Team, Kalulushi, Zambia

Joshua Kasimba

Affiliations Lufwanyama District Health Management Team, Kalulushi, Zambia, Zambia Centre for Applied Health Research and Development, Lusaka, Zambia

Davidson H. Hamer

Affiliations Center for Global Health and Development, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of International Health, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Zambia Centre for Applied Health Research and Development, Lusaka, Zambia, Infectious Diseases Section, Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Christopher J. Gill

Affiliations Center for Global Health and Development, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of International Health, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: LLS ABK WBM GP-M JK DHH CJG. Performed the experiments: LLS CJG. Analyzed the data: LLS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: LLS. Wrote the paper: LLS ABK WBM GP-M JK DHH CJG. Collected and organized additional data for the analysis: LLS ABK.