About the Authors

Masahito Asada

Affiliation National Research Center for Protozoan Diseases, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Inada, Obihiro, Japan

Yasuyuki Goto

Affiliations National Research Center for Protozoan Diseases, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Inada, Obihiro, Japan, Laboratory of Molecular Immunology, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan

Kazuhide Yahata

Affiliation Department of Protozoology, Institute of Tropical Medicine (NEKKEN) and the Center of Excellence Program, Nagasaki University, Sakamoto, Nagasaki, Japan

Naoaki Yokoyama

Affiliation National Research Center for Protozoan Diseases, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Inada, Obihiro, Japan

Satoru Kawai

Affiliation Laboratory of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, Dokkyo University School of Medicine, Mibu, Shimotsuga, Tochigi, Japan

Noboru Inoue

Affiliation National Research Center for Protozoan Diseases, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Inada, Obihiro, Japan

Osamu Kaneko

Affiliation Department of Protozoology, Institute of Tropical Medicine (NEKKEN) and the Center of Excellence Program, Nagasaki University, Sakamoto, Nagasaki, Japan

Shin-ichiro Kawazu

skawazu@obihiro.ac.jp

Affiliation National Research Center for Protozoan Diseases, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Inada, Obihiro, Japan

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MA SiK OK. Performed the experiments: MA. Analyzed the data: MA SiK OK YG KY NY SK NI. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SiK NI OK NY. Wrote the paper: MA SiK OK.