About the Authors

Lukas Fenner

lfenner@ispm.unibe.ch

Affiliation Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM), University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland

Sebastien Gagneux

Affiliations Department of Medical Parasitology and Infection Biology, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland

Jean-Paul Janssens

Affiliation Division of Pneumology, University Hospital Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland

Jan Fehr

Affiliation Division of Infectious Diseases, University Hospital Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland

Matthias Cavassini

Affiliation Division of Infectious Diseases, University Hospital Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland

Matthias Hoffmann

Affiliation Division of Infectious Diseases, Kantonsspital St.Gallen, St. Gallen, Switzerland

Enos Bernasconi

Affiliation Division of Infectious Diseases, Ospedale Regionale, Lugano, Switzerland

Jacques Schrenzel

Affiliation Laboratory of Bacteriology, University Hospital of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland

Thomas Bodmer

Affiliation Mycobacteriology Unit, Institute for Infectious Diseases, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland

Erik C. Böttger

Affiliation Institute of Medical Microbiology, National Center for Mycobacteria, University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland

Peter Helbling

Affiliation Division of Communicable Diseases, Federal Office of Public Health, Bern, Switzerland

Matthias Egger

Affiliation Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM), University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland

for the Swiss HIV Cohort and Molecular Epidemiology of Tuberculosis Study Groups

Competing Interests

Sebastien Gagneux, who is co-author on this manuscript, is an editorial member of PloS ONE. This does not alter the authors' adherence to all the PLoS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: LF SG JPJ TB ECB PH ME. Analyzed the data: LF SG ME. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: LF SG JPJ JF MC MH EB JS TB ECB PH ME. Wrote the paper: LF SG JPJ JF MC MH EB JS TB ECB PH ME. All authors met the criteria of the ICMJE and approved the final version of the manuscript: LF SG JPJ JF MC MH EB JS TB ECB PH ME.