About the Authors

Taisuke Kawamoto

Affiliation Department of Vascular Biology, Graduate School of Dental Medicine, University of Hokkaido, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan

Noritaka Ohga

Affiliation Department of Vascular Biology, Graduate School of Dental Medicine, University of Hokkaido, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan

Kosuke Akiyama

Affiliation Department of Vascular Biology, Graduate School of Dental Medicine, University of Hokkaido, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan

Naoya Hirata

Affiliation Department of Vascular Biology, Graduate School of Dental Medicine, University of Hokkaido, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan

Shuji Kitahara

Affiliation Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, School of Medicine, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, Japan

Nako Maishi

Affiliation Department of Vascular Biology, Graduate School of Dental Medicine, University of Hokkaido, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan

Takahiro Osawa

Affiliation Department of Vascular Biology, Graduate School of Dental Medicine, University of Hokkaido, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan

Kazuyuki Yamamoto

Affiliation Department of Vascular Biology, Graduate School of Dental Medicine, University of Hokkaido, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan

Miyako Kondoh

Affiliation Department of Vascular Biology, Graduate School of Dental Medicine, University of Hokkaido, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan

Masanobu Shindoh

Affiliation Department of Oral Pathology and Biology, Graduate School of Dental Medicine, University of Hokkaido, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan

Yasuhiro Hida

Affiliation Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Hokkaido, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan

Kyoko Hida

khida@den.hokudai.ac.jp

Affiliation Department of Vascular Biology, Graduate School of Dental Medicine, University of Hokkaido, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: TK YH KH. Performed the experiments: TK NH SK. Analyzed the data: TK NH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: TK NO KA NH NM MK TO KY MS YH KH. Wrote the paper: TK NO KA YH KH.