About the Authors

Angelo F. Bernardino


Affiliation Departamento de Oceanografia e Ecologia, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Goiabeiras, Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brazil

Lisa A. Levin

Affiliation Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation; Integrative Oceanography Division, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Andrew R. Thurber

Affiliation College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, United States of America

Craig R. Smith

Affiliation Department of Oceanography, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: LAL CRS. Performed the experiments: LAL ART CRS. Analyzed the data: AFB LAL ART. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AFB LAL ART CRS. Wrote the paper: AFB LAL ART CRS.