About the Authors

Jean-Noel Vergnes

jn.vergnes@gmail.com

Affiliations INSERM UMRS 953, Epidemiological Research Unit on Perinatal Health and Women’s and Children’s Health, Villejuif, France, Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Paul Sabatier University, Toulouse, France

Monique Kaminski

Affiliations INSERM UMRS 953, Epidemiological Research Unit on Perinatal Health and Women’s and Children’s Health, Villejuif, France, UMPC UnivP06, UMRS 953, Paris, France

Nathalie Lelong

Affiliations INSERM UMRS 953, Epidemiological Research Unit on Perinatal Health and Women’s and Children’s Health, Villejuif, France, UMPC UnivP06, UMRS 953, Paris, France

Anne-Marie Musset

Affiliation Faculty of Dentistry, Louis Pasteur University, Strasbourg, France

Michel Sixou

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Paul Sabatier University, Toulouse, France

Cathy Nabet

Affiliations INSERM UMRS 953, Epidemiological Research Unit on Perinatal Health and Women’s and Children’s Health, Villejuif, France, Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Paul Sabatier University, Toulouse, France, Faculty of Dentistry, Paris Descartes University, Paris, France, Charles Foix Hospital, Ivry/Seine, France

for the EPIPAP group

Membership of the EPIPAP Group is provided in the Acknowledgments.

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MK CN. Performed the experiments: JNV. Analyzed the data: JNV NL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MS AMM MK CN. Wrote the paper: JNV MK CN.