About the Authors

Matthew M. Schaefers

Affiliation Department of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America

Laura M. Breshears

Affiliation Department of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America

Michele J. Anderson

Affiliation Department of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America

Ying-Chi Lin

Affiliation School of Pharmacy, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Alex E. Grill

Affiliation Department of Pharmaceutics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America

Jayanth Panyam

Affiliation Department of Pharmaceutics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America

Peter J. Southern

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America

Patrick M. Schlievert

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, United States of America

Marnie L. Peterson

peter377@umn.edu

Affiliations Department of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America, Department of Microbiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MMS LMB MJA YCL AEG JP PJS PMS MLP. Performed the experiments: MMS LMB MJA YCL AEG PJS PMS MLP. Analyzed the data: MMS LMB MJA YCL AEG JP PJS PMS MLP. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JP PJS PMS MLP. Wrote the paper: MMS LMB MJA YCL AEG JP PJS PMS MLP.