About the Authors

AliReza Eshaghi

Affiliation Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Venkata R. Duvvuri

Affiliations Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Rachel Lai

Affiliation Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Jeya T. Nadarajah

Affiliation University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Aimin Li

Affiliation Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Samir N. Patel

Affiliation Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Donald E. Low

Affiliations Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Jonathan B. Gubbay

jonathan.gubbay@oahpp.ca

Affiliations Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Competing Interests

The authors have the following conflicts: Dr. Gubbay has received research grants from GlaxoSmithKline Inc. and Hoffman-La Roche Ltd to study antiviral resistance in influenza, and from Pfizer Inc. to conduct microbiological surveillance of Streptococcus pneumoniae. However, these activities are not relevant to this study. This does not alter the authors' adherence to all the PLoS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AE JBG. Performed the experiments: AE RL AL. Analyzed the data: AE VRD. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AE RL JTN AL SNP VRD DEL JBG. Wrote the paper: AE VRD JBG.