About the Authors

Hong Zhang

Contributed equally to this work with: Hong Zhang, Xia Ran

Affiliations Department of Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China, Key Laboratory of Standardization of Chinese Herbal Medicines of Ministry of Education, Pharmacy College, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, People's Republic of China

Xia Ran

Contributed equally to this work with: Hong Zhang, Xia Ran

Affiliations Department of Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China, School of Life Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China

Chang-Ling Hu

Affiliation Department of Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China

Lu-Ping Qin

lpqin@smmu.edu.cn (LPQ); Pengchengchengdu@126.com (CP)

Affiliation Department of Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China

Ying Lu

Affiliation Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China

Cheng Peng

lpqin@smmu.edu.cn (LPQ); Pengchengchengdu@126.com (CP)

Affiliation Key Laboratory of Standardization of Chinese Herbal Medicines of Ministry of Education, Pharmacy College, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, People's Republic of China

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: LPQ CP. Performed the experiments: HZ XR CLH YL. Analyzed the data: HZ XR. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: HZ XR LPQ CP. Wrote the paper: HZ XR.