About the Authors

Fang Zhu

Affiliation Department of Entomology, College of Agriculture, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, United States of America

Sarah Sams

Affiliation Department of Entomology, College of Agriculture, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, United States of America

Tim Moural

Affiliation Division of Natural Sciences, Bluegrass Community & Technical College, Lexington, Kentucky, United States of America

Kenneth F. Haynes

Affiliation Department of Entomology, College of Agriculture, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, United States of America

Michael F. Potter

Affiliation Department of Entomology, College of Agriculture, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, United States of America

Subba R. Palli

RPALLI@UKY.EDU

Affiliation Department of Entomology, College of Agriculture, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have read the journal's policy and have the following conflicts: Funding for this study was provided by a grant from Bayer Environmental Sciences. There are no patents, products in development or marketed product to declare. The authors' grant agreement with Bayer does not alter their adherence to all the PLoS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: FZ KFH MFP SRP. Performed the experiments: FZ SS TM. Analyzed the data: FZ TM SRP. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: FZ TM KFH MFP SRP. Wrote the paper: FZ SRP.