About the Authors

Fredros O. Okumu

fredros@ihi.or.tz

Affiliations Biomedical and Environmental Sciences Thematic Group, Ifakara Health Institute, Ifakara, Republic of Tanzania, Department of Disease Control, Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Jason Moore

Affiliations Biomedical and Environmental Sciences Thematic Group, Ifakara Health Institute, Ifakara, Republic of Tanzania, Department of Disease Control, Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Edgar Mbeyela

Affiliation Biomedical and Environmental Sciences Thematic Group, Ifakara Health Institute, Ifakara, Republic of Tanzania

Mark Sherlock

Affiliation College of Medicine, Swansea University, Swansea, United Kingdom

Robert Sangusangu

Affiliation Biomedical and Environmental Sciences Thematic Group, Ifakara Health Institute, Ifakara, Republic of Tanzania

Godfrey Ligamba

Affiliation Biomedical and Environmental Sciences Thematic Group, Ifakara Health Institute, Ifakara, Republic of Tanzania

Tanya Russell

Affiliations Faculty of Medicine, Health and Molecular Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia, Faculty of Science, Health and Education, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore, Queensland, Australia

Sarah J. Moore

Affiliations Biomedical and Environmental Sciences Thematic Group, Ifakara Health Institute, Ifakara, Republic of Tanzania, Department of Disease Control, Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: FOO JM TR SJM. Performed the experiments: FOO JM EM MS RS GL TR SJM. Analyzed the data: FOO SJM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: FOO JM EM RS GL MS TR SJM. Wrote the paper: FOO JM TR SJM.