About the Authors

Christopher G. Owen

cowen@sgul.ac.uk

Affiliation Division of Population Health Sciences and Education, St George's, University of London, London, United Kingdom

Claire M. Nightingale

Affiliation Division of Population Health Sciences and Education, St George's, University of London, London, United Kingdom

Alicja R. Rudnicka

Affiliation Division of Population Health Sciences and Education, St George's, University of London, London, United Kingdom

Esther M. F. van Sluijs

Affiliation MRC Epidemiology Unit and Centre of Excellence in Diet and Activity Research (CEDAR), Institute of Metabolic Science, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Ulf Ekelund

Affiliation MRC Epidemiology Unit and Centre of Excellence in Diet and Activity Research (CEDAR), Institute of Metabolic Science, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Derek G. Cook

Affiliation Division of Population Health Sciences and Education, St George's, University of London, London, United Kingdom

Peter H. Whincup

Affiliation Division of Population Health Sciences and Education, St George's, University of London, London, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CGO CMN ARR EvS UE DGC PHW. Performed the experiments: CGO CMN ARR DGC PHW. Analyzed the data: CMN ARR. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: CMN ARR. Wrote the paper: CGO. All authors had access to the data, and approved the final version to be published.