About the Authors

Luciën E. P. M. van der Vlugt

Affiliation Department of Parasitology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands

Lucja A. Labuda

Affiliation Department of Parasitology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands

Arifa Ozir-Fazalalikhan

Affiliation Department of Parasitology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands

Ellen Lievers

Affiliation Department of Parasitology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands

Anouk K. Gloudemans

Affiliations Department of Parasitology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands, Department of Pulmonology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Kit-Yeng Liu

Affiliation Department of Parasitology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands

Tom A. Barr

Affiliation Institute for Immunology and Infection Research, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Tim Sparwasser

Affiliation Institute of Infection Immunology, Twincore/Centre for Experimental and Clinical Infection Research, Hanover, Germany

Louis Boon

Affiliation Department of Cell Biology, Bioceros B.V., Utrecht, The Netherlands

Ulysse Ateba Ngoa

Affiliation Medical Research Unit, Albert Schweitzer Hospital, Lambaréné, Gabon

Eliane Ngoune Feugap

Affiliation Medical Research Unit, Albert Schweitzer Hospital, Lambaréné, Gabon

Ayola A. Adegnika

Affiliations Department of Parasitology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands, Medical Research Unit, Albert Schweitzer Hospital, Lambaréné, Gabon, Institute of Tropical Medicine, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany

Peter G. Kremsner

Affiliations Medical Research Unit, Albert Schweitzer Hospital, Lambaréné, Gabon, Institute of Tropical Medicine, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany

David Gray

Affiliation Institute for Immunology and Infection Research, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Maria Yazdanbakhsh

Affiliation Department of Parasitology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands

Hermelijn H. Smits

H.H.Smits@lumc.nl

Affiliation Department of Parasitology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands

Competing Interests

Louis Boon is an employee of Bioceros B.V. There are no patents, products in development or marketed products to declare. This does not alter the authors' adherence to all the PLoS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: HS MY PK. Performed the experiments: LvdV LL AO EL AG KL TB UAN ENF AA. Analyzed the data: LvdV LL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: LB TS DG TB. Wrote the paper: LvdV LL HS MY.