About the Authors

Zaynah Maherally

Affiliation Cellular and Molecular Neuro-oncology Research Group, Institute of Biomedical and Biomolecular Sciences, School of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, United Kingdom

James R. Smith

Affiliation Cellular and Molecular Neuro-oncology Research Group, Institute of Biomedical and Biomolecular Sciences, School of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, United Kingdom

Qian An

Affiliation Cellular and Molecular Neuro-oncology Research Group, Institute of Biomedical and Biomolecular Sciences, School of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, United Kingdom

Geoffrey J. Pilkington

Geoff.pilkington@port.ac.uk

Affiliation Cellular and Molecular Neuro-oncology Research Group, Institute of Biomedical and Biomolecular Sciences, School of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: ZM JRS GJP. Performed the experiments: ZM JRS. Analyzed the data: ZM JRS QA GJP. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JRS GJP. Wrote the paper: ZM JRS QA GJP.