About the Authors

Koen Peeters Grietens

Contributed equally to this work with: Koen Peeters Grietens, Xa Nguyen Xuan

kpeeters@itg.be

Affiliations Department of Public Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium, PASS International, Tessenderlo, Belgium

Xa Nguyen Xuan

Contributed equally to this work with: Koen Peeters Grietens, Xa Nguyen Xuan

Affiliation National Institute for Malariology, Parasitology and Entomology, Hanoi, Vietnam

Joan Muela Ribera

Affiliation PASS International, Tessenderlo, Belgium

Thang Ngo Duc

Affiliation National Institute for Malariology, Parasitology and Entomology, Hanoi, Vietnam

Wim van Bortel

Affiliation Department of Public Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium

Nhat Truong Ba

Affiliation Provincial Malaria Station, Phan Rang, Vietnam

Ky Pham Van

Affiliation Provincial Malaria Station, Phan Rang, Vietnam

Hung Le Xuan

Affiliation National Institute for Malariology, Parasitology and Entomology, Hanoi, Vietnam

Umberto D'Alessandro

Affiliations Department of Public Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium, Medical Research Council Unit, Basse, The Gambia

Annette Erhart

Affiliation Department of Biomedical Sciences, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: KPG XNX JMR AE UDA. Performed the experiments: KPG XNX. Analyzed the data: KPG XNX AE TND. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AE UDA. Wrote the paper: KPG XNX. Design of the focused ethnography: KPG XNX JMR. Carried out the field work: KPG XNX NTB. Contributed to the study design, study coordination and supervision, field work, statistical analysis and revision of the manuscript: AE. Contributed to the study design, study coordination and supervision, survey data entry, cleaning and analysis: KPG XNX NTB. Responsible for the coordination and supervision of all field activities and field staff: KPV. Contributed to the study design, study coordination and supervision, and reviewed the manuscript: HLX. Offered unpublished BMN data proceeding from outdoor mosquito collection in the study area: WVB. Contributed to the study design, study coordination and supervision, survey data analysis and revision of the manuscript: UDA.